McKenzie Lauber - Intersectionality and Interpersonal Violence

“50 Obstacles to Leaving.” Accessed October 30, 2020.

Ahmadabadi, Zohre, Jackob M. Najman, Gail M. Williams, and Alexandra M. Clavarino. "Income, gender, and forms of intimate partner violence." Journal of interpersonal Violence 35, no. 23-24 (2020): 5500-5525.

Berke, Danielle S., Dennis E. Reidy, Brittany Gentile, and Amos Zeichner. "Masculine discrepancy stress, emotion-regulation difficulties, and intimate partner violence." Journal of interpersonal violence 34, no. 6 (2019): 1172.

Cervantes, Marisa V., and Jennifer Sherman. "Falling for the Ones That Were Abusive: Cycles of Violence in Low-Income Women’s Intimate Relationships." Journal of Interpersonal Violence (2019): 0886260519829771.

Ferrari, Giulia, Sergio Torres-Rueda, Christine Michaels-Igbokwe, Charlotte Watts, Rachel Jewkes, and Anna Vassall. "Economic evaluation of public health interventions: an application to interventions for the prevention of violence against women and girls implemented by the “what works to prevent violence against women and girls?” global program." Journal of Interpersonal Violence (2019): 0886260519885118.

Gillum, Tameka L. "The intersection of intimate partner violence and poverty in Black communities." Aggression and Violent Behavior 46 (2019): 37-44. 

Hetling, Andrea, Amanda Mathisen Stylianou, and Judy L. Postmus. "Measuring financial strain in the lives of survivors of intimate partner violence." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 30, no. 6 (2015): 1046-1064.

McDougal, Lotus, Jeni Klugman, Nabamallika Dehingia, Amruta Trivedi, and Anita Raj. "Financial inclusion and intimate partner violence: What does the evidence suggest?." PloS one 14, no. 10 (2019): e0223721.

Pickover, Alison M., Jabeene Bhimji, Shufang Sun, Anna Evans, Lucy J. Allbaugh, Sarah E. Dunn, and Nadine J. Kaslow. "Neighborhood disorder, social support, and outcomes among violence-exposed African American women." Journal of Interpersonal Violence (2018): 0886260518779599.

Rennison, Callie Marie, Walter S. DeKeseredy, and Molly Dragiewicz. "Intimate relationship status variations in violence against women: Urban, suburban, and rural differences." Violence Against Women 19, no. 11 (2013): 1312-1330.

Roesch, Pamela Therese, Alisa Joy Velonis, Sayli M. Sant, Lauren Elisabeth Habermann, and Jana L. Hirschtick. "Implications of interpersonal violence on population mental health status in a low-income Urban Community-based sample of adults." Journal of Interpersonal Violence (2019): 0886260519862365.

Jaxon Upchurch -  Transgender Women in Sex Work

Baer, James, and Alison Ellis, eds. Rep. Sex Worker Implementation Tool (SWIT). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2013. 

Baumann, Rebekah M., Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Lee Riley Dana, Karen Brown, Cindy Hunt, Alicja Michalak, and Flora I. Matheson. "Experiences of Violence and Head Injury among Women and Transgender Women Sex Workers." Sexuality Research & Social Policy 16, no. 3 (09, 2019): 278-288. doi:

Burns, Katelyn. “Why Police Often Single out Trans People for Violence.” Vox, June 23, 2020.

Devaney, Susan. “Who Was Sylvia Rivera? Marsha P. Johnson’s Best Friend Was A Fellow Pioneer.” British Vogue, June 13, 2020.

Fedorko, Boglarka, and Lukas Berredo. Rep. The Vicious Cycle of Violence: Trans and Gender-Diverse People, Migration, and Sex Work16. Vol. 16. Transgender Europe, 2017. 

Fitzgerald, Erin, Sarah Elspeth Patterson, Darby Hickey, Cherno Biko, and Harper Jean Tobin. Rep. Meaningful Work: Transgender Experiences in the Sex Trade. National Center for Transgender Equality, 2015. 

Parsons, Vic. “Domestic Abuse Workers Once and for All Shut down the Insidious Myth That Trans Women Are a Threat to Women’s Refuges.” PinkNews, September 8, 2020.

Nemoto, Tooru, Birte Bödeker, and Mariko Iwamoto. “Social Support, Exposure to Violence and Transphobia, and Correlates of Depression Among Male-to-Female Transgender Women With a History of Sex Work.” American Journal of Public Health 101, no. 10 (October 2011): 1980–88. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.197285. 

The Needs and Rights of Trans Sex Workers. 9th ed. Edinburgh, UK: Global Network of Sex Work Projects, n.d. 

Rahman, Nadia. “Governments Have Failed to Protect Trans People from Murder -and from COVID-19.”, November 20, 2020.

Sanfoka, Jasmine. “From Margin to Center: Sex Work Decriminalization Is a Racial Justice Issue,” December 12, 2016.

Sausa, Lydia A., JoAnne Keatley, and Don Operario. "Perceived Risks and Benefits of Sex Work among Transgender Women of Color in San Francisco." Archives of Sexual Behavior 36, no. 6 (12, 2007): 768-77. doi:

Schmidt, Samantha. “As a Homeless Transgender Woman, She Had Turned to Sex Work to Survive. Then She Was Killed.” Washington Post, April 6, 2019.

Schmidt, Samantha, and Marissa J. Lang. “Transgender Sex Workers Feel under Attack. These Women Are Working to Protect Their Own.” The Washington Post, September 16, 2019.

Steadman, Otillia. “Two Trans Women Were Killed In The Same Maryland Neighborhood.” BuzzFeed News, June 16, 2019.

Testa, Rylan J., Laura M. Sciacca, Florence Wang, Michael L. Hendricks, Peter Goldblum, Judith Bradford, and Bruce Bongar. “Effects of Violence on Transgender People.” Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 43, no. 5 (August 13, 2012): 452–59.

Vartabedian, Julieta. “Bodies and Desires on the Internet: An Approach to Trans Women Sex Workers’ Websites.” Sexualities 22, no. 1–2 (February 2019): 224–43. 


Savannah Martincic - LGBTQ+ Panic Defense as Gendered Violence

Associated Press. "Murder Trial Starts in Teen's Slaying." Los Angeles Times, April 15, 2004.

Associated Press. “Passion Blamed for Teen’s Slaying.” Los Angeles Times, April 16, 2004. 

Buchanan, Wyatt.“Transgender community feels joy, anger at Araujo verdict.” SFGATE, September 13, 2005.

“Definition of ‘Cisnormativity.’” The Queer Dictionary. Accessed December 7, 2020. 

Fraley, Malaika. “Gwen Araujo murder 14 years later: Transgender teen’s killers face parole.” The Mercury News, October 14, 2016. 

Gilchirst, Tracy E. “What is Toxic Masculinity?” Advocate. December 11, 2017. 

Glionna, John M. “Keeping Focus on Victim in Retrial.” Los Angeles Times, July 5, 2005.

“Gwen Araujo Justice for Victims Act." California Legislative Information. 28 September 2006. 

Hanely, Christine and Jessica Garrison. “More Told in Teen’s Killing.” Los Angeles Times, October 22, 2002. 

Heidenreich, Linda. “Learning From the Death of Gwen Araujo? - Transphobic Racial Subordination and Queer Latina Survival in the Twenty-First Century.” Chicana/Latina Studies 6, no. 1 (Fall 2006): 50-86. 

Hemmelgarn, Seth. “Parole granted for Araujo killer.” Bay Area Reporter, November 2, 2016. 

Hemmelgarn, Seth and Cynthia Laird. “Ten years later, Araujo’s murder resonates.” Bay Area Reporter, October 3, 2012. 

Lagos, Marisa. “Mistrial Declared in Teen’s Killing.” Los Angeles Times, June 23, 2004. 

Laird, Cynthia. “Online Extra: Parole denied for killer of Bay Area transgender teen.” Bay Area Reporter, September 11, 2019. 

Lee, Henry K. “11 years for defendant in Araujo killing.” SFGATE, August 26, 2006. 

Lee, Henry K. “Araujo case draws to close/Last defendant pleads no contest to avoid third trial.” SFGATE, December 17, 2005. 

Lee, Henry K.“Guilty plea in transgender killing/Defendant makes deal, testifies against friends.” SFGATE, February 25, 2003.

Lee, Henry K. “Manslaughter rule out, Araujo juror says/‘Events devolved into brutal beating and homicide.” SFGATE, September 14, 2005. 

Lee, Henry K. “Witness tells of friends’ anger at being duped/He says 2 were mad their sex partner was biologically male.” SFGATE, June 7, 2005. 

Llyod, Moya. “Heteronormativity And/as Violence: The “Sexting” of Gwen Araujo.” Hypatia 28, no. 4 (Fall 2013): 813-34.

Locke, Michelle. “Case of slain transgender teen could go to a jury this week.” Associated Press. June 1, 2004. 

Murphy, Dean E. “3 Are Charged in Death of Man Who Dressed Like a Woman.” New York Times, October 19, 2020. 

"The National LGBT Bar Association. “LGBTQ+ Panic Defense.” Accessed November 1, 2020.  

“No Bail In Cross-Dressing Murder.” CBS News, October 18, 2002. 

"The National LGBT Bar Association. “LGBTQ+ ‘Panic’ Defense Legislation Map.” Accessed November 1, 2020. 

Pulley, Anna. “California Bans Gay and Trans Panic Defense.” East Bay Express. September 30, 2014. 

Raquel Willis (@raquel_willis). "13 STEPS TO ENDING VIOLENCE AGAINST TRANS WOMEN #TDOR." Instagram photo, November 20,  2020. 

Ring, Trudy. “These Are the Trans People Killed in 2019.” Advocate, December 20, 2019. 

Staff Reports. “Group creates Araujo memorial fund.” Oakland Tribune, May 3, 2004.

St. John, Kelly. “Chilling time line of a killing/Death of a transgender teen described in grisly detail.” SFGATE, February 26, 2003. 

St. John, Kelly.“Defense grills start witness in teen murder trial/ ‘You’re lying,’ lawyer says to man who pleaded guilty.” SFGATE, April 28, 2004. 

St. John, Kelly. “Transgender teen did nothing ‘to deserve death’/But 1 accused killer said he vomited on finding she was male.” SFGATE, July 27, 2005. 

Szymanski, Zak. “Araujo’s killers sentenced.” Bay Area Reporter, February 1, 2006. 

Szymanski, Zak. “Final defendant testifies in Araujo murder trial.” Bay Area Reporter, August 17, 2005. 

Thernstrom, Melanie. “The Crucifixion of Matthew Shepard.” Vanity Fair. January 8, 2014. 

Times Wire Reports. “Fourth Arrest Made in Transgender Killing.” Los Angeles Times, November 19, 2002. 

“Who She Was.” The Emporia Gazette. April 24, 2009. 

Woods, Jordan Blair, Brad Sears, and Christy Mallory. Model Legislation for Eliminating the Gay and Trans Panic Defenses. California: The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, 2016. 

Zamora, Jim Herron. “Teen’s death a crime of passion, defense says.” SFGATE. August 26, 2005.

Genesis Villanueva - Against Her Choice: The History of Forced Sterilization

Block, Pamela. "Sexuality, Fertility, and Danger: Twentieth-Century Images of Women with Cognitive Disabilities." Sexuality and Disability 18, no. 4 (12, 2000): 239-254. doi:

Dickerson, Caitlin, Seth Freed Wessler, and Miriam Jordan. “Immigrants Say They Were Pressured Into Unneeded Surgeries.” The New York Times. The New York Times, September 29, 2020.  

Flores, Jerry. “ICE Detainees' Alleged Hysterectomies Recall a Long History of Forced Sterilizations.” The Conversation, September 28, 2020.

Grant, Melissa Gira. “ICE Is the New Face of America's Legacy of Forced Sterilization.” The New Republic, September 17, 2020.

Kluchin, Rebecca M. "Sterilizing “Unfit” Women." In Fit to Be Tied: Sterilization and Reproductive Rights in America, 1950-1980, 73-113. Rutgers University Press, 2009. Accessed October 11, 2020.

Largent, Mark A. ""The Greatest Curse of the Race": Eugenic Sterilization in Oregon, 

1909-1983." Oregon Historical Quarterly 103, no. 2 (2002): 188-209. Accessed November 2, 2020.

Largent, Mark A. "Conclusion: The New Coerced Sterilization Movement." In Breeding 

Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States, 138-48. New 

Brunswick, New Jersey; London: Rutgers University Press, 2008. Accessed November 

2, 2020.

Naggiar, Stacey. “Victims of Forced Sterilization to Receive $10 Million from North Carolina.” NBCUniversal News Group, July 25, 2013. 

ROBYN, LINDA M. "STERILIZATION OF AMERICAN INDIAN WOMEN REVISITED: Another Attempt to Solve the “Indian Problem”." In Crime and Social Justice in Indian Country, edited by NIELSEN MARIANNE O. and JARRATT-SNIDER KAREN, 39-53. University of Arizona Press, 2018. Accessed November 2, 2020.

Schoen, Johanna. "Between Choice and Coercion: Women and the Politics of Sterilization in North Carolina, 1929-1975." Journal of Women's History 13, no. 1 (Spring, 2001): 132-156. doi:

Katie Rose - The Ongoing Battle for Abortion Rights

Anna North, Catherine Kim. "The "heartbeat" Bills That Could Ban Almost All Abortions, Explained." Vox. April 19, 2019. Accessed November 16, 2020.

Bentele, Keith Gunnar, Rebecca Sager, and Amanda Aykanian. 2018. “Rewinding Roe v. Wade: Understanding the Accelerated Adoption of State-Level Restrictive Abortion Legislation, 2008-2014,” Journal of Women, Politics, & Policy 39 (4): 490-517. doi:10.1080/1554477X.2018.1511123.

Bissonnette, Andréanne. "“Caged Women”: Migration, Mobility and Access to Health Services in Texas and Arizona." Journal of Borderlands Studies, 2020, 1-22. doi:10.1080/08865655.2020.1748515.

Crookston, Shara. "Navigating TRAP Laws, Protesters, and Police Presence at a Midwestern Abortion Clinic in the United States: A Case Study." Feminist Encounters: A Journal of Critical Studies in Culture and Politics 4, no. 2 (2020): 35. doi:10.20897/femenc/8523.

Evans, Dabney P., and Subasri Narasimhan. "A Narrative Analysis of Anti-abortion Testimony and Legislative Debate Related to Georgia’s Fetal “heartbeat” Abortion Ban." Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters 28, no. 1 (2019): 1686201. doi:10.1080/26410397.2019.1686201.

"Government-Mandated Delays Before Abortion." American Civil Liberties Union. 2020. Accessed December 07, 2020.

Greene, Greg. "Don't Call 6-Week Abortion Bans "Heartbeat" Bills. Here's Why." Planned Parenthood Action Fund. April 25, 2019. Accessed November 29, 2020.

Jones, Rachel K., Laura Lindberg, and Elizabeth Witwer. "COVID‐19 Abortion Bans and Their Implications for Public Health." Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 52, no. 2 (2020): 65-68. doi:10.1363/psrh.12139.

Modarressy-Tehrani, Caroline. "Women of Color Hardest Hit by Pandemic Joblessness." August 01, 2020. Accessed December 07, 2020.

Rowlands, Sam, and Kevin Thomas. "Mandatory Waiting Periods Before Abortion and Sterilization: Theory and Practice." International Journal of Womens Health Volume 12 (July 31, 2020): 577-86. doi:10.2147/ijwh.s257178.

Senderowicz, Leigh, and Jenny Higgins. "Reproductive Autonomy Is Nonnegotiable, Even in the Time of COVID-19." International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 46 (2020): 147-51. Accessed October 13, 2020. doi:10.1363/intsexrephea.46.2020.0147.

Wilson, Joshua. "Striving to Rollback or Protect Roe: State Legislation and the Trump-era Politics of Abortion." Publius: The Journal of Federalism 50, no. 3 (2020): 370-97. doi:10.33774/apsa-2020-k456d.

Verma, Nisha, and Scott A. Shainker. "Maternal Mortality, Abortion Access, and Optimizing Care in an Increasingly Restrictive United States: A Review of the Current Climate." Seminars in Perinatology 44, no. 5 (2020): 151269. doi:10.1016/j.semperi.2020.151269.

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